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Terminology

This brief guide hopefully helps you to understand some of the terminology used when talking about Internet Safety.

Adware - is any software package that automatically shows an advert while the application is being used.

Crimeware - is designed for identity theft to enable the access to an idnividuals financial accounts or to perform unaiuthorised transactions.

Cyberbullying - is bullying which involves the use of information and communication technologies.

Griefing - this term comes from online gaming where a player actively tries to ruin the enjoyment of other players by becoming a nuisance.

Malware - is simply any software that infiltrates a computer system without the owner's consent.

Rootkit - is a software system used to hide the fact that a computer has been compromised.

Phishing - is communications purporting to be from popular or trusted sights used to lure the public into providing sensitive information such as usernames and passwords.

Trojan - this is a form of malware where in addition to providing a desired function a piece of software also allows unathorised access to your computer. 

Spyware - is software that secretly collects information about users without their knowledge.

Virus (Computer) - a computer program that can copy itself and infects your computer. They commonly will use access a computers email address book and forward itself to all the listed contacts.

Worms - are self replicating programs that do not need to attach themselves to a program but transfer themselves across networks.

We hope that you have found this guide useful.